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THE CITY' OF THE SUN

    The philosophical essay You City' some Sun had a first publication in Latin, from the title Civitas solis conceives reipublicae philosophichae, near Frankfurt in 1623 and a second in Paris in 1637.

 

Ritratto Tommaso Campanella

   
  Lingua Italiano
  Lingua Inglese

THE CITY' IDEAL

 

   L' operates and the utopian sketch of a city' ideal, written in the form of philosophical dialogue among a rider of the order of the Ospitalieris of St. Giovanni in Jerusalem and a “Genoese helmsman of the Christopher Columbus”, that narrates of his/her arrival to the today's island of Sumatra, called Taprobana, and of his/her departure for the City' of the Sun, founded by people coming from Indies, that chose to live “to the philosophical one in commune.”


La city' it rises on a high ground and and uniform in seven circles, called with the name of the planets; to it it is entered through four doors, situated in the four cardinal points. In his/her tall part or acropolis you and a circular temple, on whose altar and situated a world map. The head and a Prince Priest (Sun or Metaphysical), with which smaller principles collaborate as Pon or Potesta, Since, or Wisdom, Mor or Love, that the various duties are divided (for instance Love he takes care of the procreation, of the education, of the health...) and they have different “offiziali” actions to perform their orders (for instance from Since they depend “the astrologer, the Cosmografo [...], the Loico, the Rettorico, the Grammarian [...], the Moral one”).


In the city' the concept of ownership doesn't exist': its absence prevents that the avarice' takes foot and that the common love for the job and the country is supplanted by the proper love.

All receive the same education in all the arts and you/he/she are elected Prince Priest or Sun who it results perfect in the exercise of the learned knowledges, with particular attention to know philosophical, essential for the art of the good government.

his/her children, whose birth and limited to avoid the overcrowding of the city', they are polite in common and, the young people being common also the use of the rooms and the kitchens they have to serve the elderly ones bringing them respect.

Above all and absolutely nonexistent any discrimination of class, being the nobility' of origin replaced with one of moral and philosophical nature.

Important and also' the physical exercise, according to the laws of the antiquity', action to forge strong warriors. Few in use and instead the commerce, while is being the navigation, is the agriculture they are kept in great respect and this last it allows a natural feeding.

In the city' the jails are absent, because' superfluous, as few and essential they are the laws, being the life regulated by a religion very similar to that Christian, thanks to which he believes in the immortality' of the soul and in the effectiveness of the prayer: for this God and the celestial bodies are honored, but above all the sun.