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AMONG THOMAS CAMPANELLA

    T. Campanella, great philosopher, preannounced, audaciously, a lot of truths' that our times made patrimony common and sure affirmation of the philosophical thought.


   
  Lingua Italiano
  Lingua Inglese

Been born A'. Stilo In 1568

   (Stilo, RC, 1568 - Paris, 1639)

    Continued Campanella that unusual naturalistic movement that, attacking again himself/herself/itself to some addresses of the Greek speculation from the You to the IV century (Pitagora, Senofane, Eraclito, Anassagora), and, connecting himself/herself/itself with others, determined him in the century XV in Italy (Go her/it, Cusanos, Card, Patrizzi), it preannounced, audaciously, a lot of truths' that our times made patrimony common and sure affirmation of the philosophical thought, especially in France, in England and in Germany. Been Born to Stylus, in Calabria, in 1568, Thomas Campanella within' nell the Dominicans' order when it was still very young, but, because of his/her ideas in fact of religion, he finds again well soon in the target of the investigators, from which was accused of heresy and confined in the jail to Rome, in the same period of Jordan Bruno. In 1599 I return' in Calabria, where I try to organize an insurrection against the Spanish dominion and to throw the bases for a deep religious reform. Campanella contemplated with pleasure a great reform political - spiritual that cured the Lutheran fracture and it reconstructed l ' I hock universal. Model of the "renovazion of the century", the City' some Sun is inspired to the analogous political utopias of Plato. The solariums live in a republic "natural" held up by a king-priest. The conception Campanelliana of the politics, founded upon an ethical-religious and cosmic-magic vision, that is together naturalistic and astrological, it decidedly opposes him to the macchiavellismo and the theorists of the ragion of state revealing quell I weave again and ancient that entirely characterizes all of his/her work. It suffered' a terrible trial with tortures and tortures, and he saves' from the death sentence pretending himself/herself/itself crazy. Also in this occasion you/he/she was arrested and convict, but he/she succeeded in being saved himself/herself/themselves his/her presumed mental state it was not able, however to avoid him the jail: he/she remained confined for 27 years, during which I find the strength to keep on writing, especially of philosophy. It was really during the imprisonment that composed an it operates devoted to Galileo, of which it unconditionally appreciated (and dangerously) the job and the thought. Owed in the middle of sufferings and deprivations, to succeed nevertheless to let his/her protest and his/her reforming ideas to popes, emperors and sovereigns to come. You/he/she was finally freed in the 1629 graces to the intercession of pope Urbano VIII, but, immediately devoted him to his/her battles for Galileo and of the autonomy of the science and against the Spanish government, it was forced in 1634 to refold in France, where you/he/she was welcomed with favor by Luigi XIII and by the cardinal Richelieu that gave him the protection that hoped, entertaining him/it in the Dominican convent in Paris. Here, lost every hope to reenter in country, spent the last years of life, keeping on sustaining its ideal and supporting as political adviser the French monarchy.

Campanella exposed his/her ideas on the nature, the faith and the destiny of the humanity in numerous works, some of philosophical nature more purely, as Philosophia sensibus demonstrata (1591), Metaphisicarum rerum proper iuxta dogmata, (1603 and 1609-11) and Of the sense of the things and the magic (1604), others of historical-political die what 1600 Spain Monarchy and his/her more famous work, You City' of the 1602 sun, utopian sketch of a state teocratico and rivoluzionaristico. He/she also wrote of literature with the Poetic Italian (1596), from which derive a Poetic Latin (1612). Of great relief they are then the philosophical Poetries, you publish partly in 1622 and partly posthumous, that, written in the dark years of the jail, in a rough, tormented and hard style, they emit a tall dramatic tension in to appeal to God to bear the most terrible moments and they reach a lyricism suffered that it places her to the first place in the Six hundred poetry.

The philosophical essay You City' some Sun had a first publication in Latin, from the title Civitas solis conceives reipublicae philosophichae, near Frankfurt in 1623 and a second in Paris in 1637. The Italian edition, published only integrally in 1904, you/he/she had been composed in the jail in Naples in 1602.